Copenhagen - Copenhagen guide, attractions and pictures
has been in existence since the 11th century. Because of its importance as a harbour, it grew in both population and size until finally in the 15th century it became the capital of Denmark
The city has had a turbulent history, with constant attacks for centuries by the Hanseatic League (what would become consolidated as Germany
in the late 1800s), by Sweden, and by England
. Indeed, in the second battle of Copenhagen in 1807, British troops almost succeeded in destroying the city. During World War II, the city (as well as the country in general) was occupied by the Germans.
Since that time, Copenhagen has prospered as a modern, technologically advanced city, and has grown to a population of over a million people. (Denmark itself has a little over 5 million residents.) Copenhagen is the capital and largest city of Denmark.
How To Get to Copenhagen
From Jutland (the Danish mainland), drivers can take the E20 across the Little Belt Bridge to the island of Fyn, and then across the Great Belt Bridge from Fyn to the island of Zealand) and arrive in Copenhagen with ease. (Train routes come this way also, of course.) They can then take the E20 to Sweden by the Oresund Bridge, which carries both rail and car traffic. Ferries also ply between the Swedish city of Malmo and Copenhagen.
Copenhagen is served by one airport, which is located on the island of Amager. This is the busiest airport in the region, serving nearly 60,000 passengers a day. Both regional and international flights arrive here.
Tourist Attractions in Copenhagen
Tourists visit Copenhagen for a variety of reasons. Those interested in ancient architecture will delight in walking along the streets of Copenhagen's inner city, with its several medieval buildings with baroque architecture, such as the Christiansborg Palace and the Amalienborg Palace.
Dozens of museums celebrate the city, the country, and the region's history, such as the National Museum of Denmark, and the Natural History Museum.
The Copenhagen Concert Hall was recently completed after seven years constructions. Copenhagen's music scene is an active one - there are several jazz clubs, such as the Jazzhus Montmartre (Copenhagen's famed jazz club, recently reopened), the Copenhagen Jazz House and the Subsonic.
The Tivoli Gardens
is the most visited amusement park in Scandinavia, with rides and entertainment of all kinds. Most people who visit Copenhagen visit the Tivoli. It features buildings of different time periods (a Moorish castle, a Chine pagoda, a chalet). Among the many modern-day full-speed rides there remains a wooden roller coaster built in 1914, and the world's tallest carousel.
Perhaps the most popular activity in Copenhagen is biking...most roads are lined with bicycle lanes and the city is one of the "greenest" cities in the world.
The Little Mermaid Statue
located in the Copenhagen Harbour is probably the best known tourist attraction in the city.
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