Republic of Croatia cities, attractions and photos

Croatia travel guide

Hailed as the ‘Land of Thousand Islands’, Croatia is located along the Adriatic Sea Coast and comprises more than a thousand islands. This European country is renowned for its exquisite beaches, excellent food and wine, splendid scenery, historically significant cities, idyllic villages, exceptional architecture and ruins of the glorious Roman era. Home to a number of UNESCO World heritage sites, Croatia’s rich history, culture, heritage and friendly natives make it a popular destination for the vacationers. Croatia with its capital city Zagreb borders Hungary, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and Montenegro.

History - Croatia was known as Pannonia province under the Roman regime. During the seventh century, Croats settled in the province and converted to Christianity. The country has witnessed Byzantine and Frankish invasion in the 11th century. Croatia was an integral constituent of the Austro-Hungarian Kingdom till its collapse in 1918 and was re-named Yugoslavia in 1929. Following the German invasion in 1941, Croatia acted as a puppet state for the Nazis. After Germany’s defeat in the World War II, Communist federation of Yugoslavia was formed. The persistent Croatian nationalism led to the formation of an independent Republic of Croatia.

Climate - The Coastal region of Croatia enjoys pleasant Mediterranean climate with mild winters and sultry summers. Northern part of Croatia experiences a moderate continental climate with cold winters and hot summers. The central Croatia and the mountainous terrains have typical mountainous climate. Along the Adriatic coast, the spring and autumn seasons are temperate. The winter season can be snowy in different parts of northern and central Croatia.

Culture - Croatian culture is deep-rooted with a high regard for the land and its traditions which is evident from the perseverant efforts of the Croats to gain independence, under every critical circumstance. The impact of the Mediterranean and Italian influence is apparent in the lifestyle and culture of the natives. The people of the country value their culture and heritage and preserve their antiquities, sculpture, art and architecture diligently.

With many UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sites in Croatia, there is no lack of tourist spots and places of interest in the country.

Diocletian’s Palace - Located in Split, a World Heritage Site, the palace of Roman Emperor Diocletian preserves an alluring cathedral and Roman relics.

St Stephen Cathedral - Built in 1094, the cathedral was destroyed in the 1880 earth quake in parts. The cathedral is located on island of Hvar. Religious scriptures dating back to the twelfth century are preserved in the cathedral.

Old City of Dubrovnik - is located on the Adriatic Sea coast. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Croatia. The Old city is a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site.

Euphrasian Basilica - Situated in Porec, the basilica is a World Heritage Site. The Basilica’s 4th century mosaic floor and Byzantine gold mosaics are a treat to behold.

Korcula Island - The Island is well known for its serene setting with sprawling beaches, olive groves, vineyards, etc.

Other prominent highlights to visit in Croatia are Mljet island, Makarska, Franciscan Monastery, Hvar Island, City walls, Andautonia Archaeological Park, Cathedral treasury, Croatian national museum, Trakoscan castle, Trogir, Brac island, Plitvice Lakes National Park, Mestrovic gallery, Crikvenica beach, Kornati National Park and Roman Amphitheatre among others.

Korcula Island
Exotic island in the central Dalmatian archipelago.

Mediterranean marvel on the eastern shores of the Adriatic Sea